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Introduction of sofa fabric

Introduction of sofa fabric


Sofa fabrics include: cotton, hemp, silk, wool, chemical fiber fabric composition. Sofa accessories include: lining, lining, stuffing, thread, weaving, buttons (zippers), hangtags and other sofa packaging materials include: plastic bags, wrapping paper/card/film, adhesive paper clips, packaging tape and so on. Sofa fabric production process: out of fiber yarn white bad sofa fabric


1) Fiber

People often refer to fiber materials with a length more than a thousand times larger than the diameter and only a certain degree of flexibility as fiber. The thickness and length of the fiber are important factors to determine the feel of the fabric. The thick fibers give the fabric a stiff, stiff, coarse feel, and have anti-compression properties. The shorter the fiber, the rougher the fabric, the easier it is to fuzz, but it has a rough style. The fine fibers give the fabric a soft, thin feel. The longer the fiber, the smoother the yarn, the less pilling.

2) Types of fiber

A: Natural fibers (obtained directly from nature)

Plant fiber: such as cotton, hemp.

Animal fiber: Hair, such as wool, taken from animals.

Silk derived from animals, such as silk.

B: Synthetic fiber (obtained by chemical treatment and injection drawing method.) Such as: acrylic, polyester, nylon and so on.

The fiber can only become the suede sofa fabric after textile, and the first step is to spin into yarn.


1, yarn is woven by fiber with a certain strength fineness, and can be processed into any length of material, it is the basic unit of fabric.


2, the size of the yarn representation (imperial system): refers to a pound (454 grams) weight of cotton yarn in the specified moisture return rate, there are several 840 yards (1 yard =0.941 meters) long, that is, several British yarn, can be simply read as "several yarn", the unit is expressed by "S." The larger the number in front of the S indicates that the yarn is thinner and the woven fabric is lighter, thinner and softer. The smaller the number indicates that the yarn is thicker and the woven fabric is heavier, thicker and coarser. Fabric structure

When the fiber is spun into yarn, it can be woven into fabric. Because of the different machine principles used in weaving, the internal structure of the woven fabric is different. It can usually be divided into two categories: woven and knitted:


1) Woven fabric: two or more groups of yarns are intersected at right angles to each other, and the yarns are called longitudinal and the yarns are called weft. Because woven yarns cross each other in a vertical manner, they have the characteristics of firmness, stability and relatively low shrinkage. The following is the introduction of several commonly used woven fabrics: fabric characteristics Advantages disadvantages Used for the fabric pattern of the surface and bottom of the elastic cloth, and the drawing wire is added in the weaving process. Because the fabric has another drawing wire to make the finished product elastic, more visible lines, thinner, smooth surface, strong and durable, more hairy. Because it contains many cotton components, it is easy to wrinkle after washing and needs ironing. It is widely used in shirt yarn-dyed check cloth to make up a variety of colored yarn-dyed fabric without decolorization, and there are many color changes. The distribution period is longer

The number of warp threads in twill exceeds the number of weft (usually 3/1), resulting in a bevel. Special fabric organization, so that twill three-dimensional feeling is strong, fine and thick plain grain, luster is better soft. It is widely used in the cloth pattern on the surface of the bead canvas and the bottom of the trousers. The finished product is more tall and the whole cotton thin bead sail is easier to wrinkle. The denim weaving method is the same as the twill, but only the warp dyeing, so that the light color of the cloth bottom has 100Z, 130Z, 140Z150Z and other specifications. The variety of the cloth varies, can be applied to different styles, washable, wear-resistant, durable. stiff-bodied

Nylon cloth surface and the bottom of the cloth pattern as durable artificial fiber, easy to wash and dry, the cloth surface is woolly, warm in the sun exposure will cause embrittlement for trench coat or coat fabric corduroy woven by special weaving machine, the wool processing has 3.5 pits, 8 pits, 13 pits, 21 pits and other specifications. The cloth is hairy to keep warm. It is widely used in shirts and trousers.

2) Knitted fabric: a needle circle is formed through the structure of the yarn circle, and the new needle circle is then passed through the previous needle circle, so repeated, that is, the knitted fabric is formed.

The following are several commonly used knitted fabrics introduced cloth characteristics advantages disadvantages for style plain cloth surface is low needle, bottom is high needle, weaving strong, thinner than double-sided cloth thin, light, breathable, sweat absorption, small elasticity, smooth surface is relatively easy to wrinkle and deformation more used for T-shirt rib cloth to form concave and convex effect is more elastic than ordinary knitted fabric, Suitable for slim-fit style double-sided cloth surface and bottom of the same fabric pattern, the bottom of the fabric weaving method is as smooth as ordinary knitted fabric, elastic and sweat absorption easy to fuzziness (after washing) more used for T-shirt bead cloth surface is porous, Like honeycomb than ordinary knitted fabric more breathable, dry and washable terry cloth bottom like towel ring (80% cotton +20% polyester fiber) warm, soft look and feel more

Hot multi-use in coat or T-shirt hoodie cloth bottom surface such as towel loop, cotton yarn weave, cloth surface such as terry cloth warm, washable, soft, sweat absorption, thicker for transport clothing (autumn and winter)

Wafer cloth surface is wafer cake shape three-dimensional sense after strong washing is easier to deform polyester merserized double-sided cloth does not contain cotton components close, showing the lines are not ventilated, easy to hook line cloth velvet cloth body after picking the hair cut the surface is fuzz effect (80% cotton +20% polyester fiber) warm, good elasticity, machine washable, smooth, soft will be electrostatic more used for coat.news-Yier Textile-img

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